Trends of Immunosuppression and Outcomes Following Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing Registry.
Elaine Y. Cheng and Matthew J. Everly
Clinical Transplants 2014, Chapter 2
Advances in immunosuppression (IS) agents and strategies have resulted in reduced rejection rates and improved survival outcomes after liver transplantation. The use of induction and maintenance IS agents is both associated with reductions in acute rejection (AR) risk within the first 6 to 12 months post-transplant and with superior failure-free survival. With the lowered incidence of allograft losses attributable to rejection, the long-term sequelae of IS have become the major therapeutic challenge. The long-term use of calcineurin inhibitors and corticosteroids in maintenance immunotherapy regimens has been implicated in the development of renal dysfunction, infections, metabolic derangements, de novo and recurrent malignancies, and the propagation of hepatitis C virus reinfection.
Our analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing registry shows the use of induction and maintenance therapy is each associated with reductions in AR risk, thereby improving post-transplant survival. The administration of intensive induction regimens appears to be safe and exhibits an additive beneficial effect. Therefore, the use of intensive induction regimens may be warranted to allow for reductions in long-term maintenance IS to minimize drug toxicities while preserving graft outcomes.
Trends of Immunosuppression and Outcomes Following Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing Registry
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