Pre-Transplant Presence of Antibodies to MICA and HLA Class I or II are Associated with an Earlier Onset of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome in Lung Transplant Recipients.
Lyu DM, Grazia TJ, Benson AB, Cagle LR, Freed BM, Zamora MR.
Clinical Transplants 2012, Chapter 23
Previous reports using cell-based methods (CDC-AHG) suggest that the presence of pre-transplant HLA Class I and II antibodies are associated with worse survival following lung transplantation. Similarly, antibodies to major histocompatibility complex Class I chain-related gene A (MICA) have been associated with increased graft failure following kidney transplantation. Using highly sensitive solid phase assays, we sought to determine whether the pre-transplant presence of antibodies to MICA or HLA Class I or II predicted short or long-term lung allograft function. Pre-transplant sera screened for antibodies to MICA by Labscreen Single Antigen format and HLA by Luminex (n = 192) revealed antibody presence in 31 (16.1%) and 70 (36.4%) patients, respectively. HLA antibody presence correlated with increased bronchiolitis Obliterans syndrome (BOS)-1 development at 3 years [32.9% (23/70) vs. 18.9% (23/122), p = 0.03] while MICA antibodies correlated with BOS-2 development [32.3% (10/31) vs. 14.9% (24/161), p = 0.02]. The presence of HLA or MICA antibodies correlated with BOS-1 development [32.5% (26/81) vs.18.0% (20/111), p = 0.02] and BOS-2 [24.7% (20/81) vs. 12.6% (14/111), p = 0.02] at 3 years. We found no correlation between antibody presence and episodes of acute cellular rejection or overall survival. We conclude that the presence of pre-transplant HLA or MICA antibodies is associated with earlier BOS onset following lung transplantation.