Report from the National Transplantation Pregnancy Registry (NTPR): Outcomes of Pregnancy After Transplantation.
Coscia LA, Constantinescu S, Moritz MJ, Frank AM, Ramirez CB, Maley WR, Doria C, McGrory CH, Armenti VT.
Clinical Transplants 2010, Chapter 7
With the constant advent of new developments and modifications in immunosuppressive regimens, clinicians are responsible for providing pregnancy counseling to all pre and posttransplant recipients of childbearing age. As individual physicians and centers accrue experience with these major therapeutic decisions, it is critical that both positive and negative outcomes be reported in appropriate settings-symposia, meetings, publications, and registries. The NTPR has acquired experience with 2000 pregnancy outcomes in female transplant recipients. For the NTPR's largest group, female kidney recipients, 71-76% of the pregnancies produce a livebirth. For the other organs combined, the livebirth likelihood ranges from 50-86%. The incidence of birth defects in the liveborn appears similar to the general population, except for pregnancies with MPA exposure that have a 23% incidence of birth defects. Long-term follow-up of the offspring of transplant recipients has provided reassurance after 20 years of observation. The continued recording of data in registries such as the NTPR is essential for assessing the safety of pregnancy in solid organ transplant recipients. Key benefits of the NTPR are the personal contact between registry staff and participants, the wide range of pregnancy-related variables that are analyzed, and the opportunity for health-care providers to obtain information that helps them care for transplant recipients on a case-by-case basis.