Epitopes of HLA-A, B, C, DR, DQ, DP and MICA Antigens.
El-Awar N, Terasaki PI, Cai J, Deng CT, Ozawa M, Nguyen A, Lias M, Conger N.
Clinical Transplants 2009, Chapter 24
This chapter presents lists of HLA epitopes that have been defined to date. It also presents examples of reactions of mAb and eluted allosera with the class I, class II and MICA single antigen beads. To date, we have identified 110 class I epitopes, of which 47 were defined by mAbs and 63 by alloantibodies that were eluted from rHLA class I single antigen cell lines. We listed 34 epitopes shared by the HLA-A locus antigens, 44 epitopes shared by HLA-B locus antigens, 4 epitopes shared by HLA-C locus antigens, 20 inter-locus epitopes shared by HLA-A-B locus antigens, 5 inter-locus epitopes shared by HLA-B-C locus antigens and 3 inter-locus epitopes shared by HLA-A-B-C locus antigens. Sixty HLA-DR epitopes have been defined mostly by one amino acid (aa) residue on the HLA-DR beta chain. Eighteen HLA-DQ epitopes have been defined on the HLA-DQB chain and on the HLA-DQA chain of the HLA-DQ antigens. A few DQ epitopes were defined by one aa residue. However, most can be defined by several alternative combinations of aa residues. DQA and DP epitopes--few in number at this time--were identified. Only seven MICA epitopes have been defined to date. All epitopes can be defined by an exclusive amino acid.