Allosensitization to HLA and MICA Is An Important Measure of Renal Graft Outcome.
Panigrahi A, Siddiqui JA, Rai A, Margoob A, Khaira A, Bhowmik D, Tiwari SC, Guleria S, Mehra NK.
Clinical Transplants 2007, Chapter 21
The objective of this study was to evaluate the donor-specific antibody repertoire against T and B cells and monocytes, as well as the non-donor anti-HLA, and MICA (MHC class I-related chain A) antibodies in recipients of the live related donor renal transplantation. Sera collected before and after transplantation were tested by ELISA for the presence of HLA class I- and class II-specific antibodies and by Luminex MICA single-antigen bead assay for the detection of MICA antibodies. Patients having a combination of both anti-HLA and MICA antibodies had worse graft survival and more rejection episodes as compared to the group without antibodies. Further, presence of IgG antibodies against the donor cells (T, B & monocytes) led to a compromised graft survival along with higher incidence of acute rejection as compared to the negative groups. These results suggest that a comprehensive assessment of anti-donor antibody repertoire and monitoring of anti-HLA, MICA antibodies following transplantation is a useful exercise to detect the sensitization status of the recipient and this can prove to be of immense prognostic value in renal transplantation.