Donor-Specific HLA Antibodies: A Review of Data Published in 2016.
Adam Idica and Matthew J. Everly
Clinical Transplants 2016, Chapter 3
The results from continued research regarding the role of anti-human leukocyte antigen (anti-HLA) antibodies and donor-specific antibodies (DSA) in transplantation has strengthened the association between DSA and allograft rejection. The formation of de novo DSAs is particularly detrimental to allograft function and survival. Paradoxically, grafts of patients without DSA may fail and patients with DSA may continue to have extended post-transplant graft function. An explanation for this inconsistency in outcomes must be found to utilize anti-HLA DSA as a biomarker of allograft rejection. This review highlights multiple studies regarding DSA and secondary characteristics of DSA, including C1q-binding, mean fluorescence, and immunoglobulin G subtype, which have been useful in stratifying DSA-positive patients into low- and high-risk groups of allograft rejection.
Copyright© 2017 by the Terasaki Research Institute.
Donor-Specific HLA Antibodies: A Review of Data Published in 2016
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