Post-Transplant Desensitization for Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Single Center Experience.
Dhiren Kumar, Hasan Fattah, Pamela M. Kimball, Spencer LeCorchick, Felecia A. McDougan, Anne L. King, and Gaurav Gupta
Clinical Transplants 2016, Chapter 16
The highly-sensitized kidney transplant candidate with no available living donors remains at a major disadvantage with decreased access and worse outcomes post-transplant. We have previously reported our initial data on both pre-transplant and post-transplant desensitization. We observed only a modest decline in unacceptable antigens with pretransplant intravenous immunoglobin (IVIG) and rituximab. Due to these observations, we have focused on a peri-operative post-transplant desensitization protocol in our program. Beginning in 2006, we implemented a simple point-based algorithm [variables included: panel reactive antibody (PRA) status; flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM); and delayed graft function] to identify kidney transplant recipients who would undergo peri-operative plasmapheresis/IVIG to abrogate preformed antibody-mediated allograft rejection (AMR). Our previous results suggested acceptable 5-year outcomes. Here, in an expanded population (N=66), we report an overall death-censored graft survival of 73% at a mean follow-up of 8.5 years post-transplant. Our patients were largely African American (85%) and regrafts (39%), with a median PRA of 88%, and a mean T- and B-FCXM of 97 mean channel shifts (MCS) and 117 MCS, respectively. Although acute AMR rates were acceptable (12%), 22% of patients developed chronic AMR. A pre-transplant T-cell FCXM of > 200 MCS (p=0.02) or presence of donor specific antibodies (DSA) at most recent follow-up (p=0.02) were associated with graft loss. Current studies with revised protocols utilizing additional DSA information, surveillance biopsies, and proteasome inhibition are ongoing.
Copyright© 2017 by the Terasaki Research Institute.
Post-Transplant Desensitization for Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Single Center Experience
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